Lake Cluster of Pokhara Valley

An important wetland around Pokhara Valley with biodiversity richness has recently declared as a part of Ramsar Site on 2nd of February, 2016 on a formal programme on the Bsundhara Park Lakeside, Pokhara. This newly declared Ramsar Site includes total nine lakes out of them seven from Lekhnath Municipality where as two lakes from the Pokhara Sub-Metro municipality and one river ie. Seti  river of Pokhara.
Main objectives to declared this sites as Ramsar Site is to protect  the naturality of the Pokhara valley and to fulfill the basic needs of people around the conservation area through the conservation and utilization of natural resources through proper  management of resources. The area also covered not only water bodies but also conserving the water sources such as river, stream, etc.


Table 1: Lake Cluster of Pokhara Valley
Wetland
Location
(Municipality and wards)
Total Catchment Area (sq. km)
Water Bodies
(sq. km)
Phewa
Pokhara Municipality
119.0
4.51
Begnas
Lekhnath Municipality, 9 & 11
18.4
3.27
Rupa
Lekhnath Municipality
27.6
1.07
Khaste
Lekhnath Municipality, 3,4 & 6
2.7
0.09
Dipang
Lekhnath Municipality, 6
2.4
0.06
Maidi
Lekhnath Municipality, 9
1.6
0.01
Gunde
Lekhnath Municipality, 4
0.6
0.08
Neurani
Lekhnath Municipality, 6
0.2
0.02
Kamalpokhari
Lekhnath Municipality, 13
1.2
0.02
Pokhara Seti Catchment
Pokhara Municipality
87.3
0.11
Total
261.1
9.24
The total area of the catchment occupy 261.1 sq. km which compromise of water bodies, agricultural land, forest, settlement and  other built-up area  out of which water bodies nearly occupy 3.5% of the total catchment.
Biological Significance
The lake and catchment are provide home to many globally threaten and endemic plants, birds and wetland dependent mammals. Tamrakar (2008) reported 60 aquatic plant in the Pokhara Lake Cluster, which comprises of  16 sub-merged, 4-free floating, 6 rooted floating and rest are emerged plant species. The same study also identified  203 terrestrial plant species with varieties of uses. Rare marsh wild rice Oriza rufipogon is also found around the lake.Some of the threaten plant species found around the lake cluster includes Alstonia scholaris; Apostasis wallichii and Michelia champaca; Asparagus racemosus; Bulbophyllum plyrhiza; Cymbidium iridioides; Dendrobium desiflorum; D. iridifolia; Oroxylum indicum and Papilionantheteres sp.; Oryza rufipogon (wild gene pool of cultivated rice); Tinospora sinensis and monogeneric species like Ceratophyllum demersum, Trapa natans and Typha angustifolia.
There are 168 birds species found around the lake cluster, (Tamrakar, 2008) including endandered, endemic and globally threatened bird species. Out of the 168 bird species, 10 species are included under CITES Appendix while five species fall under various threat categories of the IUCN. Some of the endemic/threatened birds found in the Lake Cluster includes Spiny Babbler (Turdoides nepalensis), Nepal Wren Babbler (Pnoepyga immaculate), Comb duck (Sarkidiorins melantos), Bear's Pocheard (Aythya baeri), Ferruginous Duck(Aythya nyroca) etc.

Refrance:- Department of National Parks and Wildlife Conservation
IUCN Nepal

Post Originally Published at Notes - Lake Cluster of Pokhara Valley

Hello This is Sagar Devkota.

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